英语语法中that与which的区别

  各种英语语法辅导练习中,英语语法的练习技巧显得尤为重要,而且一些英语语法基础不是很牢固的同学就很容易在英语语法练习中出丑。


  今天,在线英语培训机构中的翘楚,阿卡索likeshuo英语金牌讲师就整理了英语语法that与which的用法区别,希望在你对英语语法练习有所犹豫的时候做出正确的选择。如果你想了解更多的英语资料,不妨也可以尝试我们的在线英语培训和在线英语阅读吧!


  that与which的用法区别


  两者都可指物,常可互换。其区别主要在于:

  1. 引导非限制性定语从句时,通常要用which:

  The current, which isvery rapid, makes the river dangerous.

  水流湍急,使这条河很危险。

  He has to work onSundays, which he doesn’t like.

  他得在星期天工作,他是不喜欢这样的。

  The London team, whichplayed so well last season, has done badly thisseason.

  伦敦队上一个季度打得很好,这个季度却打得很差。


  2. 直接放在介词后作宾语时,通常要用which:

  She may be late, in whichcase we ought to wait for her.

  她可能晚到,那样我们就要等等她。

  The documents for which they were searching have been recovered. 他们找寻的文件已找到了。

  This morning some port wine came, for which I have to thank you.今天早上送来一些波尔图葡萄酒,为此我得向你道谢。

  注:有时“介词+which”引导的定语从句可以转换成“介词+which+不定式”结构:

  He had only the longnights in which he could study. =He had only thelong nights in which to study.

  他只有漫漫长夜可用来学习。

  He had a couple ofrevolvers with which he could defend himself.= Hehad a couple of revolvers with which to defend himself.

  他只有一两把手枪用来自卫。


  3. 当先行词是下列不定代词或被它们修饰时much, little,none, all, few, every(thing), any(thing), no(thing) 等时,通常用that:

  All that she lacked wastraining.

  她缺的只是训练。

  Have you everything thatyou need?

  你需要的东西都有了吗?

  The sleeping man’ssubconscious mind retained everything that was saidaround him.

  这位酣睡的人头脑的下意识能记住他周围的人说的话。

  She would never doanything that was not approved of by her parents.

  她父母不赞同的事她绝不会做。


  4. 当先行词有the very, theonly, the same 等修饰时,通常用that:

  This is the only examplethat I know.

  我知道的例子只有这一个。

  Those are the very wordsthat he used.

  那是他的原话。


  5. 当先行词有形容词最高级或序数词(包括last, next等)等修饰时,通常用that:

  This is the bestdictionary that I’ve ever used.

  这是我用过的最好的词典。

  The first thing that youshould do is to work out a plan.

  你应该做的第一件事是订个计划。


  6. 当关系代词在定语从句中用作表语时,通常用that:

  China is not the country(that) it was.

  中国已不是过去的中国了。


  7. 当先行词是一个既指人又指物的并列词组时,通常用that:

  They talked about thepersons and things that most impressed them.

  他们谈论了使他们印象最深的人和事。


  8. 当要避免重复时:

  Which is the course thatwe are to take?

  我们选哪门课程?


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